In response to UNFCCC guidance, the GEF established the Strategic Priority on Adaptation (SPA), in 2004 as a $50 million allocation inside of the GEF Trust Fund. The SPA was a groundbreaking initiative designed to support pilot and demonstration adaptation projects that provide real benefits and can be integrated into national policies and sustainable development planning. SPA funding was accessible to all countries eligible for GEF funding.

The SPA aims at reducing vulnerability and increasing adaptive capacity to the adverse effects of climate change in any or a combination of the six GEF focal areas. “It supports pilot and demonstration projects that address local adaptation needs and generate global environmental benefits”.

For more information, visit Strategic Priority for Adaptation (SPA) | Global Environment Facility and click here for SPA Project highlights.

UNDP-GEF SPA-funded projects are listed below:

The Pin Pin community is located in the village of Las Majada in Guatemala’s Tacana municipality. Residents of this densely-populated area mainly rely on subsistence farming. Ecosystems have been degraded due to over-population and poor land distribution.

In the San Marcos department of Northwestern Guatemala, the indigenous people (Mayan Mam) of the Chocabj community are faced with climate change variability that threatens their existence and the ecosystems they rely on.  Erratic rainfall and droughts cause water shortage for human consumption an

Hurricane Stan was the eighteenth named tropical storm and eleventh hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season in Central America.  Floods and mudslides obliterated many communities including the project site, the Taltimiche village.

Decreased precipitation in Guatemala is having negative effects on local water resources, as well as the people and ecosystems that depend on them. In the village of Piedra del Fuego, natural springs and water resources are not as abundant as they have been previously.

It is increasingly recognized that small communities are likely to be the most severely affected by climate change impacts and yet are least equipped to cope and adapt.

Viet Nam, with an extensive coastline and high baseline vulnerability to cyclones, is highly threatened by climate change.  Threats include:

As a small island developing state, Samoa's vulnerability to climate change is high. Homes, infrastructure and livelihoods in Samoa are overwhelmingly concentrated along an increasingly vulnerable coast. Climate change impacts in Samoa will include:

Niger is a semi-arid to arid country, and faces significant land degradation stemming from baseline pressures. Climate change threatens to exacerbate these issues, in the process worsening food insecurity and making poverty reduction increasingly challenging.

Namibia faces significant climate change risks, including increased aridity and heightened climate variability.  Projected impacts include:

Like much of the Maghreb, Morocco faces current water scarcity, which is likely to intensify with climate change.  Climate change projections include:

While Kazakhstan has a rapidly growing economy, farmers and pastoralists outside of the main urban centers face significant climate change risks to their livelihoods stemming from increased aridity.

As a small island developing state in the Caribbean, Jamaica faces significant climate change impacts, including:

Climate change risks to Guatemala include intensification of many historically familiar climate risks, threating rural livelihoods and ecosystems. Climate change pressures are likely to include:

Climate change impacts in Bolivia will vary with the country's diverse topography and ecology, but will include the following:

Densely populated, coastal, and low-lying, Bangladesh faces serious climate change risks, including:

This Community-Based Adaptation project aims to strengthen the preservation and sustainable use of natural resources to reduce impacts of droughts and flash flood on agricultural production at Cam Tam Commune.

Vinh Chau Commune is located near Viet Nam’s Mekong Delta in Soc Trang province, one of the poorest provinces in the country.

This Community-Based Adaptation project aims to help minimize vulnerability and strengthen local adaptive capacity to reduce the impacts of drought and saltwater intrusion in rice production at Phuoc Long Commune, Phuoc Long District, Bac Lieu Province, Viet Nam.

Thua Thien Hue, a central province of Viet Nam, is greatly impacted by the effects of natural disaster. Extreme climate events reduce the mangrove forest’s ecology and buffering capacities, simultaneously threatening agricultural production. Property and lives are also endangered to some degree.

The Phuớc Hòa commune, Tuy Phuớc district, in Viet Nam’s Bình Định province, is located in a flood-prone area at the confluence of two rivers.